Caesalpinia Pulcherrima (Peacock Flower)
Fast growing shrub with light green fern-like leaves topped with clusters of fragrant orange-yellow flowers. Blooms almost all year. The flowers are attractive to hummingbirds. Ideal for planting in mixed borders or as a specimen plant. Perfect for challenging hot locations near pavement or between building foundations and walkways.
Origin: Central and South America
Light: This plant enjoys full sun to light shade and loves heat. Best growth and flower production is in full sun. It gets leggy in shade and blooming is reduced.
Moisture: Peacock flower is drought tolerant once established, but performs best with regular irrigation while blooming.
Temperature: Even under frost free conditions Peacock flower may lose some of its leaves when temperatures drop to 50-40°F (10-5°C), but it recovers quickly.
It can also survive a yearly freeze. Peacock flower dies to the ground following periods of mild frost, but it comes back reliable, albeit late, in middle spring.
Don’t give up on it! Peacock flower has survived temperatures as low as 18°F (-7.8°C). It can be grown as an annual in colder climates.
Propagation: Peacock flower is easy to start from seeds. Germination will be speeded up if the seeds are nicked with a file before planting. Under good growing conditions, peacock flower tree will self sow or spread by root suckers (not invasive though).
Pruning: Peacock flower benefits from pruning, and can be shaped to tree form or shrubby bush form.
It grows quickly before flowering, but while flowering growth virtually stops. Prune to any desired height in late autumn or winter to control height and spread.