Yucca gloriosa is a tough, evergreen plant bearing crowns of fleshy, spiky, architectural foliage. Eventually it forms a branched trunk. In late summer, clusters of cream-white bell-shaped flowers appear, which are loved by bees. In milder regions the flowers develop into fruits, which attract birds, particularly starlings. It’s a useful plant for growing in dry, sunny gardens, coastal locations and exotic planting schemes. Younger plants can be grown successfully in a container.
The leaves of Yucca gloriosa ‘Variegata’ have pretty yellow and pink variegation. Grow in moist but well-drained soil in a sheltered, sunny part of the garden. It requires very little care.
Height: 1.5-2.4m (5-8ft)
Light: Prefers bright light to full sun, although it will tolerate low light.
Water: Keep soil moist in spring through fall. In winter, water just enough to keep soil from drying out. Be careful not to overwater, especially in winter. Use a container with drainage holes to prevent soggy soil, which can cause root rot.
Humidity: Average indoor (around 40% relative humidity). This desert native is tolerant of dry air.
Temperature: Average room (65-75°F/18-24°C). If you scoot your plant outdoors for the summer, don't worry -- it can take the heat. But bring it inside when temps drop to 50°F/10°C at night.
Soil: Soil-based potting mix.
Fertilizer: Feed with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer every 2 weeks in spring and summer. Don't feed in autumn and winter, when growth is slower.
Propagation: Cane cuttings and offsets root easily. Pot them in potting mix and keep barely moist.